Research on making it easier for people to work longer has tended to focus on economic security. This paper links working longer to health and longevity. Purely
age-based retirement policies have led to complications and unintended consequences including insufficient retirement resources, possible depletion of Social
Security, and flawed perceptions of older workers. By working longer, older adults are better able to support themselves, remain healthier, and live longer. New
data show that, when employed, older adults are as much as four times more socially engaged, offsetting deepening concerns worldwide about the adverse effects of
loneliness, particularly on older populations. The very definition of retirement should be reconsidered in light of increasing data suggesting that traditional
retirement can be detrimental to financial, mental and physical health.